Steven Naegele -- PhD Qualifying Exam

(Penn State, Department of Meteorology and Atmospheric Science)

"Cimatology of wind variability for the Kuwait region"

What GR Homepage PhD Qualifying Exam
When Nov 25, 2019
from 09:00 am to 10:00 am
Where 529 Walker Building
Contact Name Steven Naegele
Contact email
Contact Phone 303-497-2802
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Advisers: Steven Greybush and George Young

Abstract: Electrical system operators utilizing wind energy production need accurate wind power forecasts to prepare for changes in power production. To understand the forecast problem and sources of forecast uncertainty, a climatology of the region of interest is needed. For Shagaya Renewable Energy Park in Kuwait, seasonal and diurnal wind patterns and the atmospheric phenomena that cause them are identified using observations from meteorological towers, surface weather stations, and wind turbines. Shamal winds increase hub-height wind speed by up to 3 m s-1 from May to August and thereby increase power production of the Shagaya wind turbines by 30%, in a season with higher energy demand for cooling homes and businesses. Near sunset, wind speed ramps up and remains faster throughout the night due to the prevalent nocturnal low-level jet. Wind speed ramps back down after sunrise when the nocturnal boundary layer is eroded by convective turbulence, which leads to more short-term fluctuations in wind speed and wind power during the day. Given knowledge on these seasonal and diurnal cycles of short-term and long-term wind power variability, wind power has clear potential to meet a significant portion of Kuwait’s energy needs.